Nurses provide services that include physiological, psychological and sociological functioning systems for the people that they care for. Nurses provide health care for individuals and communities without discrimination regarding color, creed or financial status of the person that needs care. Nurses promote individual, family, community and national health to the best of their abilities. Nurses work in different environments and settings. Nurses are Clinical Specialists who have earned a master’s degree in a specialty and has extensive experience in that particular specialty. Such nurses participate in educating people about healthcare, do work as a clinical consultant and also carry out research.
Nurses provide specialized care to individuals in clinical settings. Nurse Practitioner has usually completed a certificate program, and some have even earned a master’s degree in some specialty, with authentication by the appropriate specialists. Her expertise includes making nursing assessments, counseling, teaching and treatment illnesses. Nurse-midwife has completed a program in midwifery, and she provides prenatal and post natal medical care to a woman with normal pregnancies. Nurses also work as anesthetists after completing a course in an anesthesia school. She helps in administering anesthesia to patients in preparation for being operated upon.
Nurses with extensive practical experience and who have advanced degrees in nursing also teaches clinical skills, carries out research and educates people in methods of disease prevention. There are also nurse administrators who work at different levels of management and have the responsibility for resources and personnel who given patient care. Qualities that are needed to pursue a career in nursing include having a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing, must be physically and mentally fit and should be licensed by the appropriate State or Federal authorities to practice nursing.
Nurses are usually involved in primary care, which is considered to have the largest scope of healthcare. This involves patients who need to maintain their health, and nurses must be equipped with extensive knowledge in many fields including knowledge of people in different socioeconomic and geographic origins. This also enables nurses to provide continuity, as people prefer to be treated by people that they are familiar with and can trust. This knowledge helps in maintaining the physical and mental health of these patients. Nurses are also involved in Tertiary care, which is specialized advice-giving and is mostly for patients who are referred from a primary or secondary health facility that has facilities for advanced medical investigation and treatments.