Essay: Understanding the Causes of Obesity
Obesity is not a childhood disease and understanding the causes of childhood obesity between the age of six and eleven years can provide the opportunity to focus research, resources, and interventions in directions that would be most beneficial in addressing the problem. The remainder of this document provides an overview of the existing research on the causes of childhood obesity and how it can be controlled.
Obesity is not a childhood disease but it is rather caused by a number factor that includes the changing lifestyles that are accompanied by change in eating habits and patterns. Unhealthy eating patterns that have resulted to excusive intake of energy, most factors that have caused overweight in children between the age of six and eleven do not work solely but involve a combination of factors (Jahns, Siega-Riz & Popkin, 493-498).
To date, research has been unable to isolate the effects of a single factor due to the co-linearity of the variables as well as research constraints. Specific causes for the increase in prevalence of childhood obesity are not clear and establishing causality is difficult since longitudinal research in this area is limited. Such research must employ long study times to discern if there is an interaction of factors leading to an increase in the prevalence or the prevention of obesity during childhood and adolescence (Guthrie & Frazao, 2-10). Underreporting total food intake, misreporting of what was eaten, and over reporting physical activity are all likely potential biases that may affect the outcomes of studies in this area.