Essay: Types of Eating Disorders
The introductory chapter shall include background, problem statement, and definition of terms, research questions and limitation of the study.
The number of eating disorder patients skyrockets each day with 90 percent of this patients being women and 7 percent being men from the age of fourteen to eighteen years (Regard, 2008, p. 161). This is a growing problem in industrialized nations, United States and the entire world today as many millions are affected directly or indirectly. Evidently, eating disorders occurs when there is a disturbance of eating habits or weight control behavior, which results in a clinically significant impairment of physical health or psychosocial functioning or both (Foulks, 1998, p. 78).
According to researchers Franko (1998); Orosan (2005); Reiger (2008), who concur with Center for the Study of Anorexia and Bulimia, (2006), state that eating disorders are categorized into three diagnostic classes. These classes are: Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa and eating disorders not otherwise specified like binge eating disorder or any other disorder that differs from Anorexia or Bulimia.
Research society efforts in relation to eating disorders have focused on the impact of expectations and cultural norms have on the value of beauty and attractiveness. As many perceive, worth and successfulness of a woman is measured by body thinness with other associated attributes like beauty and acceptance by the society. Thus, the aspect of modernity culture placing great emphasis on body image and thinness (Money, 1994, p. 206) can be seen as major cause to development of eating disorders. As a result therefore, the significance that our societal culture place on the thinness and body image for women has been widely acknowledged as greatly responsible for development of eating disorders.