Essay: The Strain Theory of Crime
The theory is founded on the basis that there are some circumstances that force an individual to commit a crime. Emile Durkheim, a criminologist was very vocal in laying down the structures of the strain theory. Robert Melton advanced it in the 1930s followed by Cohen in the mid 1950s. The theory has since then been amended by other experts to conform to societal expectations and time. The structural institutions that govern this theory are the society processes which are converted to become the actor.
A potential criminal views the consequences of his or her actions with regard to the society regulations where he/she belongs. The theory is ground on the fact that the particular individual will have to undergo a lot of torture while in his/her efforts to meet the expectations of the society. When these expectations are in a view very wanting, an individual might opt to go for them irrespective of the manner used, either legal or illegal. Durkheim for instance weighs the options of reasons an individual may opt to commit suicide after lacking their purpose in the society for failing to achieve some particular demands. He notes that these feelings will normally be associated with the individual lacking personal values.