Essay: Principles of adult learning useful for instruction design
In regard to performance improvement through learning, there are six key principles to enhance successful adult learning. These principles integrate the perspectives, models and theories provided by great scholars like Kolb, Knowles, Mezirow and Freire on their take on effective learning.
Participation: In learning, trainees learn more and remember the content of the subject matter when they are actively engaged in learning process. While skills best develop by doing and engaging in practical exercise, group work, simulation, games and discussion. Furthermore participation can be enhanced by facilitating a collaborative environment, role sharing and use of friendly dialogue to encourage sharing of experiences and knowledge. Thus by enhancing positive altitudes and learning atmosphere it corresponds to participation boosting to trainers.
Understanding: Greater understanding can be enhanced when training starts at the level of the trainee as provided by training needs assessment. Practices and learning activities that can increase understanding to trainers are appropriate use of vocabulary according to trainers level, use of trainers language, avoidance of unnecessary technical jargon (Celinski, 1983), reformulation of ideas in trainers own words, use of real life examples provided by the trainer and use of learners experience as examples. The checking mechanism for the learners understanding is through use of short questions.