Essay: Islam and Christianity as Abrahamic Religions
According to Strachey (62-69) both Islam and Christianity are Abrahamic religions or in other words believe in the existence of one supreme God. They both share common values and origin, which is found in Judaism when the people of Israel were given Torah. Islam was founded by Muhammad referring to the Koran while Christianity was started by the followers of Jesus of Nazareth but they both acknowledge a spiritual tradition related to Abraham. For the two religions, God rules, judges, forgives and he is the creator of the universe. Jerusalem is also of major importance to both religions. This is the city where Christ was born, brought up, crucified, buried and resurrected on the third day.
He also healed, preached and cleansed the temple so it is considered as a holy place. The Al-Aqsa mosque in Sura Al-Isra also called the ‘furthest mosque’ is located in Jerusalem ‘the holy land. Abdul-Rahman (55-64) the first Muslims also prayed towards Jerusalem not Mecca and it was also the place where Muhammad ascended to heaven. The two religions also affirm that God sends angels and prophets to convey messages to his people and through inspired scriptures reveals his divine will. They also believe in the judgment day when God will intervene in the history of mankind and determine their eternal lives depending on personal beliefs and actions. Both religions believe in the power of prayer and fasting as taught by their earlier prophets. Jesus himself had to stay for forty days without food and water in the wilderness as he was praying.