Essay: Hereditary Condition as a Cause for Kidney Stones
Another cause of kidney stones is a hereditary condition known as hypercalciuria. In this condition, calcium is absorbed in excess from food and pas in the urine. The high level of the calcium in the urine causes formation of calcium oxalate crystals or calcium phosphate to form in the kidney or elsewhere in the urinary tract. Other causes of kidney stones are hyperuricosuria; a disorder of uric acid metabolism. There is also gout; excessive intake of vitamin D, urinary tract infections and blockage of the urinary tract system. We also have certain diuretics in the form of water pills and calcium based antacids, which may increase the risk of kidney stones formation due to increase in the amount of calcium in the urine. People with chronic inflammation of the bowel or with intestinal bypass operation have the likelihood of getting calcium oxalate stones.
The prevalence of kidney stones globally has been on the increase especially in the United States of America over the last 30 years. Statistics from the National Kidney Foundation in New York for instance, have that in comparison to the late 1970s when less than 4% of the population had kidney stone forming disease. By the early 1990s, the portion of the population with disease had increased to more than 5%. It has also been noted that the Caucasians are more prone to develop kidney stones than African Americans. Kidney stones occur more often in men than women especially when they advance in age. In men, the prevalence rises dramatically as they approach 40s and continues steadily to their 70s. For women, kidney stones peak in their 50s. Once a person gets more than one kidney stone, others are more likely to develop.