Essay: Gulliver’s Travels
Gulliver’s Travels is a 1726 novel written by Jonathan Swift who happened to have been a surgeon before becoming ship captain. The novel focuses on the four voyages of Gulliver in remote areas. This essay focuses on the analysis of Gulliver’s Travels using one of the literary theories that have been covered. The character of Gulliver is also analyzed besides analyzing one major theme.
In the novel, metaphor is one of the literally devices employed. In the novel, the different varieties of people that Gulliver visits represent diversity of human race. Gulliver is a representation of an ordinary man of middle class with good intentions. As he travels vast, he becomes less tolerant with other human beings that he comes across and nations that he visits. The Lilliputians are a small minority group that is a representation of people that are self-centered and have small minds. Besides, they are hypocrites, very dangerous even though they are physically smaller than Gulliver. They are morally smaller than Gulliver and are a presentation of a number of small Englishmen who are autocrats irrespective of their size. An incident revealing their moral decay is the issue of parading their army between the legs of Gulliver with an ill motive to view his genitals. The Brobingnagians consist of bigger people than Gulliver who have a just and a democratic kind of government and they represent a morally upright people who do not take advantage of their physical size. Despite being bigger than Gulliver, they treat Gulliver well with kindness though Gulliver is feeling unsafe. This represents the feeling of power associated with physical size. In Lilliput, Gulliver is bigger in size than the Lilliputian and he is very powerful unlike when he is with the Brobingnagians. According to Swift, (1940), the different physical sizes associated with power is an indication to the English that there is a likelihood of different nations emerging to be more powerful that them.