Essay: Criminal justice system (Gender issues)-psychological torture
Women incarcerated for longer periods have been observed to behave in strange manners emanating from the psychological torture they experience. According to Johnston (1995, p.27), such women become aggressive while in prison engaging in fights, and other rule breaking activities like negative manipulations. Others develop negative attitudes such as negativism and end up being worse that before incarceration. Such behavior is referred to as resistance behavior for survival, which is rarely found among male offenders. This means that it is a gender problem and negligence by many justice systems have oppressed women in particular, therefore calling for a gender based solutions.
Bringing children up is a responsibility left mostly for women, therefore any action of law that jeopardizes these role within the criminal justice system is gender offensive (Johnston, 1995, p. 39). The system has failed to put up robust measures to help such women in overcoming such obstacles. Possible approaches include considering such status by magistrates before sentencing women meaning the length of their jail terms should be leveraged in line with their parental status. Such options will ensure that mothers are able to live just like any other inmate and take care of their children after release. However, such options would mean that committing crimes by mothers will no longer be an issue since the justice system will be too lenient even for serious crimes. This could increase the rate of offences committed by mothers. Other interventions would be to engage professionals such as social service agencies to psychologically give their help to such mothers (42). Medical practitioners and psychologists would also be important in terms of psychiatric attention required by these mothers.