Essay: Crime rate
Crime rate is one method of measuring crime. The gaps of the Uniform Crime Reporting Programs are covered by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). Data from both collection methods are used to calculate crime rates. Approximately 20,000 law enforcement agencies submit data to the FBI for the UCR program. The NCVS is then conducted by the Census Bureau to obtain crime information directly from victims regardless of when and if they reported the crime.
The rate is then calculated by dividing the total number of crime occurrence by the total population which is also considered as the number of time a crime could have occurred. In order to change the scale unit, the per capita rate (number of crimes divided by the total population) is multiplied by the desired unit of measure. The crime rate is typically reported as per one thousand people (pp.126-143).