Essay: Classical and choice theories
This theory is probably one of the oldest having being in practice from the 18th century and forms the bases of the rest theories today. Cesare Beccaria was very vibrant in its structuring and subsequent modification for its appliance to fit (Siegel, 2004). Although the theories were put out of practice for sometime, they were later reinstated in the 19th century as many criminologist acknowledged their prevailing relevance to societies.
Classical and choice theories are governed by three school of thought: People’s freedom to choose, the ability to control choice and the swiftness, certainty and severity of the punishment.
The theories acknowledge that all human beings have the ability to make choices in their lives. Their natural making gives them the freedom to be jealous, greedy, vain, lustful, thrill seekers, needy, angry among others throughout their lives. These human characteristics demonstrate their free will (Siegel 2004).