Essay: Bioengineered food to solve world hunger
Bioengineered food or genetically modified food which is commonly referred to as genetically modified food or GMOs is a term used when referring to plants which have been created by man using the most recent molecular biology techniques. They are usually modified in the laboratories in order to acquire certain traits, which ought to be preferable in various environmental conditions. Some of the traits in the plants are changed to help them become more resistant to pests/diseases and withstand harsh climatic conditions. (Mzinga 2005) With the world’s population having hit the 6 billion mark and with no increased farmland, where would the food to feed the ever-increasing population come from if we fail to adopt GMOs?
The fact that GMOs are able to resist pest infestation is a proof that there will be an increased yield. In developing countries, pests are known to cause devastating effects on their crops, something that leads to starvation. The use of large amounts of pesticides is tantamount to causing health problems to the appliers as well as the consumers of the crops’ products. It is worthy noting that these pesticides may cause environmental problems if they get in to run-off water. The use of GMOs would mean a reduced use of pesticides hence less or no harm to the environment. Some weeds are very hard to eliminate by physical such as tilling so they tend to use herbicides. Intensive care is taken while applying these herbicides since they can harm the crop or the environment. It is important to note that application of herbicides is an expensive process and takes a lot of farmer’s time. If a crop were engineered to be resistant to an herbicide that is capable of destroying all the weeds, then the expense and time used would be reduced.