Essay: Aspects of Classical and Choice Theory
The other aspect of the classical and choices theory is ground to the fact that human beings have the capacity to control these choices. The fear to the confrontation of the consequences resulting from their behaviors governs their mode of conduct and therefore refrains from criminal activities. “Human beings have the ability to analyze situations with regard to their positive outcomes and their potential negatives. If the risks involved in engaging in certain behavior are much less than the benefits, then an individual is likely to commit that crime” (Geis,1972, p. 72)
In addition, swiftness, certainty and severity of the punishment forms the basic school of thought in classical theories. It goes without saying that a potential criminal faced with the reality of the nature and speed of punishment effect, will desist from any intended criminal activity. According to Cook (2005), punishment can be regarded as an incentive for obeying the law and if it is administered rationally and legitimately, it can deter crime significantly.