Settlements reflect not only a society’s natural environment and level of technological sophistication, but also the influence of various institutions of social interaction and control on which the culture is maintained (1953:1). Traditional settlement pattern analysis involves classifying sites within a region using previously established functional categories (Burke 2010).
Katharina (2010) notes that Archaeological settlement surveys, as they were often done in the past, and are still done in many parts of the world, were typically designed to locate sites for excavation. Other forms of survey were designed to locate particular site types pertaining to a particular time period, for example, Iron Age Hill Forts in England. Modern surveys, however, address entire regions and focus on problems of long-term cultural change. Settlement archeology is more inclined to region, in other words it brings forth issues of a regional nature. Settlement archaeology tends to address issues of a regional nature, including such problems as hunter-gatherer subsistence and the emergence of political complexity an observation made by Katharina (2010).