Essay: Anti-reductionism-The Sparse Base
To demonstrate the sparse base involved in anti-reductionism we can consider perception though not counted as a causal concept, it has something to do with causation. These can include notions like action, persistence and reference, these notions though are non-causal concepts, but they do have causal commitments. The range of such notions which have causal commitments is impressive as it can be demonstrated by this premise: Nothing is a table unless it has a disposition to cause objects not to fall from its surface. Another example of concepts with causal commitment can encompass thought that colors are some sort of disposition to produce certain visual appearances. Thus, going by this example it implies that human beings reason out if the judgment is caused by other of our mental states and not how facts are.
Furthermore, Christ Frith’s sentiments that in bottom up, our behavior are simply determined by the competition among competing influences that as a consequence result to selective attention. While, in top down, if we make a resolution to only pay attention to certain types of stimuli such as color. We are exerting top down control on which of the stimuli would affect our behavior and come to awareness . Thus, human beings have first order consciousness and behavior. And it is possible to develop Meta that affect how we affect the 1s order consciousness.
Therefore, as opposed to reductionists who asserts that concepts which have causal commitment are ill-suited to provide a legitimizing analysis of causation and that analysis of causation that uses solely terms free of causal commitment should be acceptable; anti-reductionism reaffirms its position that the distinction between the concepts with causal commitments and those without, the nomic/non-nomic that is metaphysically significant . Thus, the class of concepts that have causal commitments is truly autonomous, even if it is not rich enough to permit the desired analysis.