The selection of the nominations of persons to fit the criteria that had been laid by Alfred has been a difficult and tedious job. This is evident from the fact that in nineteen years, only five awards had been presented. Often this occurred while a major war was in progress, but no award was made in ten ‘non-war’ years (Stiehm 529).
Past achievers of the Nobel peace awards include Henry Kissinger and North Vietnam’s Le Duc Tho, who had shared the award for negotiating a cease-fire that ended U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War in 1973. Other notable personalities for receiving the peace award include Wilson, who headed the League of Nations and was awarded the peace prize in 1919. German publicist, Carl von Ossietzky was awarded the peace prize in 1936; he had been brutally mistreated in a concentration camp for his anti-military writings. In 1936, the peace award was presented to Saavedra Laamas, who had been successful in mediating the conflict and dispute between the Paraguay and Bolivia. Lord Boyd Orr was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1949, for his efforts to make a valid connection between struggles against hunger and peace establishments. Similarly, organizations have also been presented with the Nobel Peace Award. These include the International Committee of the Red Cross, which has been awarded by the prize three times.