Research Paper on Women Participation Sports

Following the 1972 passage of Title IX of the Educational Amendments, women’s sport has evolved to appoint that the need to study specific aspects of this evolution has become apparent. The legislation requiring federally funded institutions to make efforts to develop programs with equitable opportunities for both genders has resulted in sport participation opportunities for women and girls not previously available. Consequently, interscholastic sports for girls were funded and college athletic scholarships for women based upon ability became reality. In addition to changes in school settings, interest in women’s sport at the Olympic and professional levels has grown. The opportunities to televise sports with female athletes increased as the number of female participants grew.

The concomitant increase in television and print media coverage has provided a vehicle for corporate promotion through women’s sport. With this evolution of women’s sport, corporate sponsors began to establish unique approaches to marketing and promotion for both their corporations and women’s sport organizations’ he increased coverage of women in sport brought greater visibility. Television and print media provided for the development of role models such as Billie Jean King and Chris Evert.

Unfortunately, as late as the 1980s”messages of trivialization, marginalization, and denial of power were recurrent themes in textual analyses of scripts from both magazines and television, indicating that the media productions of women’s sport tended to ignore women’s athletic ability and success”. In the 1990s media personnel have increasingly been made aware of coverage differences between men’s and women’s sport. Consequently, networks have undertaken sensitization efforts to ensure a more equitable presentation of men’s and women’s sport.

An example was the hiring of special­ists in 1988 to monitor the manner in which women athletes were presented in Olympic coverage. As we progress in this decade, it may be anticipated that some of the previously identified differences will disappear since telecasts are more closely monitored. For young women with a passion for sport and competi­tion, the improving coverage of women’s sport has provided a vehicle for awareness of the evolution in progress. Women with a desire to remain involved in sport as a career have more options today than ever before.

Essay: Basic Terminologies of Soccer

Sample Essay

It is imperative for all the stakeholders in soccer to understand certain terminologies that are very much important and thus ensure that proper communication in the pitch. These terminologies includes; kick off, throw in, penalty kick, corner kick, direct kick, indirect kick, goal kick, indirect kick, drop ball, ball to hand and the many signs that the referee and the assisting referees uses besides the colors of the cards in case of a foul.

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Essay: Basic Principles of Football

Sample Essay

Though the actual date when soccer began to be played is not known, is evident that the game has drastically changed overtime with some unconfirmed information claiming that it was played with a combination of hands and feet. It is imperative to touch on some basic principle of football. It is played by foot by two team consisting of eleven individuals and seven reserves commonly referred to as substitute who replace three of the eleven men for reasons better know by the respective team coach (team manager).

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Essay: Soccer World Cup Riots in 2010

Sample Essay

INTRODUCTION
Soccer riots comprises of unruly behavior before, during or after a football match. It may be catalyzed by a number of issues ranging from poor referring decision, hooliganism by the supporters or by other stakeholders involved in soccer. The result of football riots ranges from vandalism of infrastructure, injuries to the players and fans, and death of the parties involved. In most cases, the riots are triggered by the hooligans who use all kind of weapons ranging from guns to crude items such as stones and knives. Due to the increased level of soccer hooliganism, soccer riots have become a national or global issue that needs to be addressed if there expectation of decent soccer matches in future. It is normally the responsibility of the stewards and the police to control the soccer riots to reduce the chances to fatal incidences.

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